Ancient Greek letter writing : a cultural history, 600 BC- by Paola Ceccarelli

By Paola Ceccarelli

During this quantity, Ceccarelli bargains a heritage of the improvement of letter writing in old Greece from the archaic to the early Hellenistic interval. Highlighting the specificity of letter-writing, instead of other kinds of verbal exchange and writing, the quantity seems to be at documentary letters, but in addition strains the function of embedded letters within the texts of the traditional historians, in drama, and within the speeches of the orators.

While a letter is in itself the transcription of an oral message and, as such, may be both fair or deceitful, letters obtained destructive connotations within the 5th century, particularly while used for transactions in regards to the public and never the personal sphere. seen because the tool of tyrants or close to jap kings, those unfavorable connotations have been obvious specifically in Athens the place comedy and tragedy testified to an underlying hindrance with epistolary verbal exchange. In different parts of the Greek international, equivalent to Sparta or Crete, the letter could have been noticeable as an unproblematic tool for dealing with public guidelines, with inscriptions documenting the legitimate use of letters not just via the Hellenistic kings, but additionally via a few poleis.

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OC 1601: KðØóôïºaò· KíôïºÜò, ðæÜîåØò; Hesych. å 5255 KðØóôïºÆß· KíôïºÆß, KðØôƪÆß. `Nóåýºïò —æïìÅŁåE. äØƪæÜììÆôÆ. ŒÆd KðØóôܺóåØò; Eust. , 29. 15; 312. 6; Thom. Ecloga nominum et verborum Atticorum, å 121. 1 (KðØóôåEºÆØ äb ïP ìüíïí ôe äØa ªæÆììÜôøí, Iººa ŒÆd ôe ÆPôïðæïóþðøò ŒåºåFóÆØ. ) See also below, 241 and n. 192. 66 Powell has two instances where KðØóôݺºø means ‘send a letter’ (3. 40. 1 and 7. 239. 4); 5 where it means ‘command’ (6. 3bis; 4. 131. 2; 6. 97. 2; 7. 223. 1); KðØóôïºÞ always means ‘injunction’ (4.

Lond. Lit. 63 = Pack2 1765) is discussed by Di Marco 2009. 72 There is however in the fifth- and fourth-century Athenian context a marked emphasis on writing in the context of mystery cults: cf. Scodel 2011. Part I Greek Beginnings Writing and Letter Writing, Evidence and Representations ÆPôaæ › ðÜófiÅ | œ ¯ººÜäØ çøíÞåíôÆ ŒÆd ŠìçæïíÆ äHæÆ ŒïìßÇøí | ªºþóóÅò ZæªÆíÆ ôåFîåí ›ìüŁæïÆ, óıìçıÝïò äb | ±æìïíßÅò óôïØåÅäeí Kò ¼ÇıªÆ óýÇıªÆ ìßîÆò | ªæÆðôeí IóتÞôïØï ôýðïí ôïæíþóÆôï óتBò. Nonn. Dionys. 4. 259–64 But Cadmus, bringing gifts of voice and thought for all Hellas, fashioned tools to echo the sounds of the tongue, and mingling sonant and consonant in one order of connected harmony, he rounded off a graven model of unsilenceable silence.

124 and 5. 61 Other terms of this family can be used to denote long-distance communication. Thus, ªæÆçÞ, piece of writing, is used in the plural in Euripides (IT 735: ðïæŁìåýóåØí ªæÆçÜò); the same letter will be referred to with ªæÜììÆôÆ ten verses later (IT 745). Thucydides uses ªæÆçÞ for the letter of Pausanias to Xerxes (1. 128. 7); the term recurs in 1. 129. 1, where it is juxtaposed to KðØóôïºÞ. Here the juxtaposition, in the sentence ôïóÆFôÆ ìbí ™ ªæÆçc KäÞºïı, ˛ÝæîÅò äb lóŁÅ ôå ôB fi KðØóôïºB fi (‘So much the writing revealed, and Xerxes was pleased by the message’) shows well the distinction between the two terms, one highlighting the visual aspect and pointing at the letters out of which the message is composed, the other indicating the import of the message itself, its content.

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