An Introduction to Koranic and Classical Arabic: An by Wheeler M. Thackston

By Wheeler M. Thackston

An advent to Koranic and Classical Arabic is an elementary-level grammar of normal classical Arabic, the literary norm of the Arabic language that has now not replaced radically in fourteen hundred years. An necessary instrument for all who're drawn to Islamic faith, technology, and literature, the language awarded during this booklet will permit the learner to review firsthand the first resources of Islamic civilization and the classics of the Islamic close to East.

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15 Polish leaders expressed society’s fears: ‘the population was terrified by the spectre of Soviet-type collective farms’. When summoned to meetings for the formation of farming ‘collectives’, peasants asked Party agitators prescient questions:  Will they be run by bureaucrats? Under the Soviet regime, they were all run by commands from above. Everyone was told to do the threshing when it was time to dig potatoes. So they rotted. 12 13 14 15 Polonsky and Drukier, The Beginnings of Communist Rule, pp.

Korzon´, Polsko-radzieckie kontakty kulturalne w latach 1944–1980 (Wrocław, 1982), p. 39. AAN 295 (Central Committee PPR) /XVII/43 (27 February 1947). 79 Similar anxieties were expressed about the ‘ideological front’. The high-priest of Polish Stalinism, Adam Schaff, complained that the main philosophical journal, Mys´l Wspo´łczesna (Contemporary Thought), which intended to link ‘respected socialist scholars [in the PPR and PPS] with democrats of the Kotarbin´ski and Chałasin´ski type’, had a dearth of original Marxist articles.

47 A climate was thus fostered in which a majority of Western countries would turn to the USA for military protection against the ‘red menace’. The formation of NATO followed a few months later. Fear of Soviet intentions proved a stronger motive than was suggested by the ideologically based assumption in Moscow that intra-capitalist ‘contradictions’ would prevent the consolidation of an anti-Soviet camp. Stalin proceeded rapidly during 1948 towards a ‘Soviet Bloc’. But no sooner had the ‘bloc’ been constituted, than it was threatened by a new heresy.

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