America's Communal Utopias by Donald E. Pitzer

By Donald E. Pitzer

From the Shakers to the department Davidians, America's communal utopians have captured the preferred mind's eye. Seventeen unique essays the following exhibit the relevance of such teams to the mainstream of yankee social, non secular, and monetary lifestyles. The members research the ideals and practices of the main favorite utopian groups based sooner than 1965, together with the long-overlooked Catholic monastic groups and Jewish agricultural colonies. additionally featured are the Ephrata Baptists, Moravians, Shakers, Harmonists, Hutterites, Inspirationists of Amana, Mormons, Owenites, Fourierists, Icarians, Janssonists, Theosophists, Cyrus Teed's Koreshans, and Father Divine's Peace project. in keeping with a brand new conceptual framework referred to as developmental communalism, the booklet examines those utopian pursuits through the process their development—before, in the course of, and after their communal interval. every one bankruptcy features a short chronology, giving simple information regarding the crowd mentioned. An appendix provides the main whole checklist of yankee utopian groups ever released. The participants are Jonathan G. Andelson, Karl J. R. Arndt, Pearl W. Bartelt, Priscilla J. Brewer, Donald F. Durnbaugh, Lawrence Foster, Carl J. Guarneri, Robert V. Hine, Gertrude E. Huntington, James E. touchdown, Dean L. may well, Lawrence J. McCrank, J. Gordon Melton, Donald E. Pitzer, Robert P. Sutton, Jon Wagner, and Robert S. Weisbrot.

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Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970), although space given to the earlier, religiously oriented communities is limited. : Transaction, 1988). See also Mark Holloway, Heavens on Earth: Utopian Communities in America, 1680-1980, 2d ed. (New York: Dover, 1966); Donald F. Durnbaugh, "Work and Hope: The Spirituality of the Radical Pietist Communitarians," Church History 39 (1970): 72-90; Delburn Carpenter, The Radical Pietists: Celibate Communal Societies Established in the United States before 1820 (New York: AMS Press, 1975); David S.

DONALD F. DURNBAUGH 1745 1748 1762 1786 1814 1814 1835 1845 1895 1939 Ephrata organizes a printing press. Ephrata publishes Mennonite Martyrs Mirror. General Economy is terminated in Moravian colonies. Ephrata chronicle (Chronicon Ephratense) is published. Snow Hill builds community house. Religious Society of Seventh Day Baptists is incorporated. Snow Hill receives state charter. Bethlehem loses status as church village, becomes a borough. Last of monastic brothers at Snow Hill dies. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania acquires Ephrata as historic site.

The thriving Swedish town survived Janssoris death in communal form for more than a decade. Visitors now enjoy its lingering Swedish flavor, faithfully restored buildings, and famous paintings of Olof Krans memorializing the Bishop Hill colony and its citizens. Today the most numerous and economically successful of all the Germanic immigrant communitarians in America, the Hutterites, trace the roots of their Anabaptist movement to 1528 in the Austrian province of Tyrol. One of their earliest leaders, Jacob Hutter, was burned at the stake in 1536 in a martyrdom later suffered by thousands of Hutterites.

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