By A. Kusserow
What are challenging and delicate individualisms? during this designated ethnography of 3 groups in long island and Queens, Kusserow interviews mom and dad and academics (from filthy rich to these on welfare) at the varieties of not easy and smooth individualisms they inspire of their kids and scholars. American Individualisms explores the $64000 factor of sophistication adjustments within the socialization of individualism in the USA. It offers American individualism now not as one unmarried homogeneous, stereotypic life-pattern as frequently claimed to be, yet as variable, class-differentiated versions of individualism instilled in kids via their mom and dad and preschool academics in ny and Queens. via offering wealthy descriptions of the situational, class-based individualisms that take root in groups with significantly assorted visions of the longer term, Kusserow brings social inequality again into formerly bland and familiar discussions of yank individualism.
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What are challenging and delicate individualisms? during this certain ethnography of 3 groups in long island and Queens, Kusserow interviews mom and dad and academics (from prosperous to these on welfare) at the kinds of not easy and tender individualisms they motivate of their youngsters and scholars. American Individualisms explores the $64000 factor of sophistication modifications within the socialization of individualism in the US.
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Additional resources for American Individualisms: Child Rearing and Social Class in Three Neighborhoods (Culture, Mind and Society)
Do the upper-middle and working classes espouse the same ‘‘kinds’’ of individualism or does each group possibly have different meanings and uses? Socialization, Education, and Class Reproduction For some time now, social theorists have addressed the question of why working-class children so often end up with working-class jobs, and why upper-middle-class children so often end up with upper-middle-class jobs. As Jay MacLeod (1987, 1995) writes in his book Ain’t No Makin’ It: Aspirations and Attainment in a Low-Income Neighborhood, In the most general terms, social reproduction theory explains how societal institutions perpetuate (or reproduce) the social relationships and attitudes needed to sustain the existing relations of production in a capitalist society.
Parents avoid giving the child high degrees of visual and verbal stimulation, as this would lead to the development of an emotionally demanding child. Individuality and egotism are much more useful traits for a child headed into a highly competitive, urban-industrial society. Social Class and Adaptation LeVine’s notion of childcare as culturally adaptive can be taken to the level of social class. As Miller states of day care centers, the manner in which each of the settings is deﬁned may be seen as an interpretation by caregivers of the world as they see it.
In social relations where the group is emphasized over the individual, authoritative positional reasons are often the basis of rules (‘‘You shouldn’t do that because the teacher said so’’), whereas in groups where the individual is stressed, personal reasons are given for rules (‘‘You shouldn’t do that because it will hurt you’’). The former tend to be found among the working class and the latter among the middle class. Cook-Gumperz (1979) also studied social class differences in parental presentation of rules to children.