American Civilization Portrayed in Ancient Confucianism by Wei-bin Zhang

By Wei-bin Zhang

The present paintings invitations americans to step in the course of the having a look glass - backwards, this time - and think about ourselves from a Confucian point of view. In his research, Zhang attracts jointly references to the I Ching, Leibniz, Tocqueville, Lipset and Aristotle, a really appropriate few facts reminiscent of crime cost and monetary development, and the lions of chinese language philosophy.

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Ernst Mach (Bell, 1937) The I Ching emphasizes rationality, but also ascribes a great significance to intuition. Since conscious actions and attitudes are supposed to be related to unconscious motivations, the book is often used to provide intuitive insight into the working of the inner self. In the West, in addition to the binary approach to the I Ching propounded by Leibniz, Jung provided an insightful example of the richness of the I Ching (in quite an opposite sense to Leibniz). Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) had a lifelong interest in the religious and psychological ideas of India, China, and Japan.

One of the foremost mathematicians of his time and a philosopher of enduring fame, Leibniz wrote original works on subjects as diverse as geometry, biology, geology, theology, metaphysics and statistics. His encounter with the philosophy of Confucianism and the I Ching is the first case of a major Western thinker’s seriously engaging Asian philosophy. After reading the Confucius Sinarum Philosophus, he began to consider himself a follower of Confucianism (Cook and Rosemont, 1994). He was enthusiastic about the mathematical implications of the diagrammatic representations of philosophical ideas in the I Ching.

I have tentatively called the synchronistic principle. My researches into the psychology of unconscious processes long ago compelled me to look around for another principle of explanation, since the causality principle seemed to me insufficient to explain certain remarkable manifestations of the unconscious. I found that there are psychic parallelisms which simply cannot be related to each other causally, but must be connected by another kind of principle altogether. ’” According to Jung, the causality principle holds that the connection between cause and effect is a necessary one; the synchronicity principle asserts that the terms of a meaningful coincidence are connected by simultaneity and meaning.

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