A World Restored: Metternich, Castlereagh and the Problems by Henry A. Kissinger

By Henry A. Kissinger

The Napoleonic Wars have been via a virtually exceptional century of political balance. a global Restored analyses the alliances shaped and treaties signed by means of the world's leaders throughout the years 1812 to 1822, focussing at the personalities of the 2 major negotiators: Viscount Castlereagh, the British overseas secretary, and Prince von Metter- nich, his Austrian counterpart. Henry Kissinger explains how the turbulent dating among those males, the differing matters in their respective nations and the altering nature of international relations all stimulated the ultimate form of the peace. initially released in 1957.

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Additional resources for A World Restored: Metternich, Castlereagh and the Problems of Peace, 1812-1822

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N, p. 192. P. m, p. P. P. n, p. 122f. Srbik, Metternich, I, p. P. n, 248f. P. n, 178f. * this with Metternich's later utterances, for example p. 238. 129. 1 Any war outside the natural limits of the Rhine, the Alps, and the Pyrenees was no longer the war of France but the war of Napoleon, Metternich quoted Talleyrand as saying. But Metternich did not look to allies merely within France. Once more he resurrected his plan of an Austro-Russian understanding. 3 The homilies on the nature of the equilibrium proved unavailing, however.

He insisted that Napoleon's seeming omnipotence was but the reflection of the disunity of his opponents, that the combined Allied armies still far outnumbered Napoleon's. 8 But if Prussia used the crisis to clinch her gains, Austria saw in it an opportunity to trim her losses and negotiated a separate peace. Meanwhile, Napoleon's army deployed against Prussia, not yet to destroy her, but to intimidate her into becoming an accomplice by incorporating Hanover and thus isolating herself from Great Britain.

In this sense he motivates each overthrow of a throne ... by the semblance of self-defence. "1 Thus, Metternich transcended the chasm between opposing legiti macies which characterizes revolutionary situations, by boldly using Napoleon's concept of legitimacy — the only one he recognized — against him. And just as Napoleon's conquests were due to the fact that his opponents could not conceive a policy of unlimited objec tives, so Napoleon's final overthrow was caused by his own inability to comprehend the instability of dynastic relations.

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