A Small Greek World by Irad Malkin

By Irad Malkin

Greek civilization and id crystallized no longer while Greeks have been shut jointly but if they got here to be a long way aside. It emerged through the Archaic interval whilst Greeks based coastal urban states and buying and selling stations in ever-widening horizons from the Ukraine to Spain. No middle directed their diffusion: mom towns have been a variety of and the hot settlements (»colonies») might frequently engender extra settlements. The «Greek middle» was once at sea it used to be shaped via back-ripple results of cultural convergence, following the actual divergence of self sufficient settlements. «The shorelines of Greece are like hems stitched onto the lands of Barbarian peoples» (Cicero). total, and despite distance, cost practices grew to become Greek within the making and Greek groups way more resembled one another than any in their specific associates just like the Etruscans, Iberians, Scythians, or Libyans. The distinction among «center and outer edge» rarely mattered (all was once peri-, «around»), nor used to be a bi-polar distinction with Barbarians of a lot importance.

Should we respect the Greeks for having created their civilization despite the large distances and discontinuous territories isolating their self sustaining groups? Or did the salient points in their civilization shape and crystallize due to its structure as a de-centralized community? This publication claims that the reply lies in community attributes shaping a «Small Greek World,» the place separation is measured through levels of touch instead of through actual dimensions.

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Applying network concepts to historical civilizations seems to belong to our own Zeitgeist. "As a historical trend," says M. Castells, "dominant functions and processes are increasingly organized around networks. Networks constitute the new social morphology of our societies, and the diffusion of networking logic substantially modifies the operation and outcomes in processes 3 Dobbin (1994), pp. 4 Raymond (ZOOI). 4- Centralized, decentralized, and distributed networks. Paul Baran's suggested possibilities for the structure of the Internet (1964), with a preference for the less vulnerable distributed architecture.

Ltineraries were traditional, "tying" together the cities and constituting both mental maps and physical routes. The sum of all theôriai may be perceived as a "hypernetwork" that connected the entire Greek world. This observation seems valid especially for 40 Giovannini (1969), esp. pp. 51-71, with suggested theoric itineraries on p. 60. For early theôriai see Kowalzig (2007), p. 123 (especially for Eumelos in Paus. 4-4-1, 33-2),with D'Alessio (2009). However, precise attestations are hard to come by.

Figure 1-5) Such a centralized network conforms to the image of the uniform and symbolically central nation-state. In contrast, the Internet and the World Wide Web have neither a "center" nor a hierarchy; although many persons access information through hubs, they do not have to. The World Wide Web does not stand in relation to its members in terms of "one to many" (cf. the Roman mare nostrum) but "rnany to many" (cf. the Greek he hemeiera thalassa). The Internet lacks the hierarchical structure of the Cathedral and is more akin to the bazaar" and is therefore emblematic of the current view of decentralized networks.

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